Even the heat is recycled in the EQS: This saves energy and thus increases the range. Pre-entry climate control is also not only pleasant, but equally efficient. The THERMATIC automatic climate control system with two climate zones is fitted as standard, while the Thermotronic with four zones is available as an option. Sensitive sensor systems and intelligent recirculation controls are part of both.
The intelligent thermal management of the EQS comprises several circuits:
- The powertrain cooling circuit is used to cool the electric powertrain, the DC/DC converter and the charging components. The sophisticated thermal concept for high load capacity and multiple accelerations with consistently high performance also includes the so-called water lance in the shaft of the rotor of the electric motor. Other cooling elements in the cooling circuit are fins on the stator and the needle-shaped pin-fin structure on the inverter. The transmission oil cooler also brings more efficiency when driving in the cold: The transmission oil absorbs heat from the more quickly heated overall system and thus becomes thinner, which reduces friction.
- A heating circuit for the interior is coupled with the powertrain cooling circuit. As soon as the heating is on, the heat flows through the heating heat exchanger (small heating circuit, electric heater). If waste heat is present in the powertrain, the system switches to the large circuit. Only if its heat is not sufficient, for example at particularly low outside temperatures, is additional heat generated via the high-voltage PTC booster heater (so-called register or series connection). Due to this efficient waste heat utilisation, additional heating is often no longer necessary in the temperature range above 5°C, which occurs particularly frequently.
- The high-voltage battery has its own cooling circuit with separate cooler and chiller (heat exchanger between cooling and refrigeration circuit). For the sake of high durability, the battery is cooled with significantly colder coolant than the powertrain during normal operation. At very high outside temperatures, the coolant is cooled by a chiller connected in parallel to the radiator using the refrigerant from the air conditioning system. This option is mainly used for particularly high fast-charging rates when the vehicle is stationary. A further high-voltage PTC booster heater is integrated into the battery circuit. It has the task of either heating the battery to a temperature level favourable for operation (at temperatures below minus 25° C) or heating it for possible fast charging (at temperatures below 10° C).
- The interior is cooled by a refrigerant circuit with electric compressor and evaporator. An air-cooled condenser in the cooling module is used for heat dissipation.
Pre-entry climate control: great climate right from the start
The departure time and desired interior temperature can be selected in advance via Mercedes me, i.e. also remotely via app, or via the central display in the vehicle. Ideally, the EQS is heated or cooled during a charging process so that the energy required for this comes from the grid and does not cost any range.
During preheating by the pre-entry climate control system, the seats are also heated in addition to the interior air - depending on the equipment. During pre-cooling, on the other hand, the electric air conditioning system switches on and thus lowers the interior temperature. Depending on the equipment, the seat ventilation is also activated.
Air conditioning systems: personal settings in the user profile
Individual climate comfort in the front seats is provided by the standard-fit THERMATIC automatic climate control system with two climate zones: Driver and front passenger can set the temperature separately for their side and save it in user profiles. Thanks to the sensitive sensor system, the interior temperature is automatically kept constant - even in changing weather conditions and varying sunlight.
The integrated activated carbon-based interior air filter works very efficiently and can reduce pollen, pollutants and unpleasant odours in the incoming air in addition to dust and soot particles. The EQS automatically switches to recirculation mode when the system detects a tunnel passage via GPS.
In addition to the comfort setting, the automatic climate control system also offers ECO and ECO + operating modes. With ECO, the operation of the air conditioning is still possible without restrictions with reduced heating and cooling capacity. In ECO + mode, only the fan and, if necessary, the waste heat from the eATS are used. The HV components compressor and heater, on the other hand, remain switched off. ECO and ECO+ reduce the energy consumption of the climate control functions, minimising losses in vehicle range.
As an optional extra, the EQS is available with THERMOTRONIC automatic climate control with four climate zones. Here, even the rear passengers can enjoy a personal feel-good climate. They can adjust the settings on their own climate control panel. Another difference to the THERMATIC is the even more intelligent recirculation mode: A sensor for air quality and harmful gases continuously monitors the quality of the outside air drawn in and automatically switches to recirculation mode in the event of elevated pollutant levels.
A HEPA filter (High Efficiency Particulate Air) is part of the optional equipment ENERGIZING AIR CONTROL Plus. The HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) filter has a very high filtration level that enables it to trap fine particles, microparticles, pollen and other substances that enter with the outside air. An activated carbon coating reduces sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides as well as odours. For the details of ENERGIZING AIR CONTROL Plus with HEPA filter: see separate chapter.